Rock climbing or foreign term known as Rock Climbing is one of many outdoor sports and is one part of mountain climbing that can not be done by walking but must use certain tools and techniques to get through it. In general, rock climbing is done on a rock-contoured contour area with a slope angle of more than 45 degrees and has a certain degree of difficulty.
Basically rock climbing sport is a sport that prioritizes flexibility, strength / endurance, ingenuity, teamwork and the skills and experience of each individual to get around the cliff itself. In adding height by exploiting the rock defects and fractures / gaps that there ditebing and utilization of equipment that is effective and efficient to reach the top of climbing
At first rock climbing is a sport that is pure adventure and very few have clear rules, along with the development of sports itself from time to time there has been a standard form and standard in activities in rock climbing followed by rock climbing activists. The number of demands on the development of this sport provides another alternative to the element of the adventure itself. By putting forward the element of pure sport (sport)
The climbing system is divided into two:
* Himalayan system
The climbing of this Himalayan system is the climbing done by connecting between the starting point (ground) with the last pitch / terminal of climbing, the relation between starting point and pitch is using the transport strap, where the rope is working so that the relationship between the climbing team and the team below can This transport rope continues to work as well as the path of team turnover climber as well as jlur supply equipment or any other
* Alpine system
Another case with the system above, so between the start point with the last pitch is not connected with the rope transpot, so the climbing route is a route that will not be passed by the team below. So climbing with this system should really mature the plan because all the supporting needs in climbing should be taken on the spot.
- Initial steps for equipment placement.
– Python is made into one in a non screw carabiner according to the type of python and placed next to harnest.
– For other equipment made into one (friend, chock stopper, choker hexentrik) in a carabiner non screw according to its type and placed beside harnest.
– Sling is thrown on the body.
– Hammer, for the hammer laying on the harnest, the base of the hammer using a carabiner screw and tied a sling or prussik rope with a length of approximately 1 M at harnest, while at the top of the hammer was given a non screw carabiner to hang a hammer beside the harnest.
– Stirup, the top of stirup using non screw carabiners and placed on the side harnest.
– Cowstails as much as 2 pieces paired on harnest front and at both ends of cowstail given non screw carabiner.
- When finished installing equipment.
The first climber uses the end of the main rope tied to the front harnest as the main safety strap and uses the eight nodes without using the carabiner, and attaches the transfer rope to the rear of the harnest by using the eight node. The first climber climbs and installs the safety and uses one of the ropes on the twin, double or single-rope tehnique technique, and then the climb is ready to go.
Belayer in double, twin-rope tehnique and single rope tehnique
The player uses the harvest and then mounts the screw Carabiner and the figure of eight, then the two ropes are attached to the figure of eight on the front of the harness. There are things to remember before the two straps are attached to the figure of eight ie the two ropes are separated by parsing and separating the two ropes separately so that the straps are not tangled, either between the ropes or the rope itself. (This technique is used for double and twin-rope tehnique) for single rope tehnique rope in describe Next harnest the rear is tied by tying the end of webbing to the back of the harnest and the base of webbing in pairs to the safety, its important function as a safety belay if the Climber fell then belayer restrained by a security mounted on the back earlier.
After installation above the climbing can begin, Leader start first install the first security, the second safeguard and the next safeguard with the position of the rope should not be zig zag because it will cause the longer strap outstretched and also the burden of safety will be greater accepted, to avoid it The length of the slings of the security is adjusted to keep the rope position straight. After arriving at a pitch or altitude in want, Hanging belay, for location, belayer must have the requirement:
Place a good security and seek a patio for the belayer itself to be free and not bored
- Belayer also try to find a place where belayer itself can see the climber and the climber can see the belayer.
- Belayer itself keep the eye from the fall of rocks from above and if the stone fall is very dangerous you should use a helmet or put a bag on you.
- Between the belayer and the climber have to communicate with each other to know the position and circumstances and also to maintain if there are any obstacles between them.
After doing all that, the leader then attaches at least two safeguards that can really withstand the load of the goods and all the climber, for this first safety using screw carabiner and make the base node on the main rope and then install the second carabiner in use carabiner screw and make a knot Eight on the remaining length of the main rope and one more safety using a free carabiner for the groove of the rope to keep the position that stays up, then install the rest of the long main rope in figure of eight then ready to belay the climber who had become a belayer where before climbing the install Carabiner screw on the front of the harnest then make an eight double knot to be mounted on the carabiner and the climbing is ready to be done by marking the belayer and the leader is ready to deflect the second climber, after that the second man with belay by the leader had climbed by passing the safety Plug leader.
After the deflection, the second climber performs the climb by passing the safety in pairs with dibelay by the leader, after arriving at the belayer position was located then, the climber was immediately made a knot in accordance with the knot on the first safety, the second security in pairs and for the placement of the knot and Carabiner is in use in the same position with the belayer.
Working as a recorder of all activities undertaken by the team and note it in time, also not forget to record what tools are already in use by the leader and also in charge of keeping track of all the tools already in cleaning. In order not to happen things that are not in want
Tools in pairs on harnest:
- Hammer: to release the python safety.
Hammer, for the hammer laying on the harnest, the base of the hammer using a screw carabiner and tied a sling or prussik rope with a length of approximately 1 M at harnest, while at the top of the hammer was given a non screw carabiner to hang a hammer beside the harnest.
- Chocker: to release the safety of the inset / chock
Chocker, to put on the harnest is the same as hammer laying on harnest.
After all is done, cleaner do climbing while taking a safety that is installed by the leader before the cleaner is in the position of the belayer and then install the knot, carabiner and peletakannya same as the position of the belayer earlier.
- Jumar: tool for doing ascending.
It is a tool for climbing through the kernamantel straps.